Special learning disability is a neurological-based disorder manifested by a delay or impairment in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, basic reading, comprehension, arithmetic calculation, mathematical reasoning, and written expression skills.
These children often have language disorders in the preschool period. The therapy process should start after the evaluation of these children, who have a weak vocabulary, difficulty in saying the words in accordance with the structure of the language, sequencing, and distinguishing between sounds and meanings, by the speech and language therapist.
Learning difficulties is a term that includes a group of different disorders manifested by a delay or impairment in the acquisition and use of speaking, reading, writing, comprehension or arithmetic skills. Reading disorder (Dyslexia) refers to the retardation of reading achievement despite the fact that the individual has average intelligence and receives formal education. Mathematical disorder (Dyscalculia), difficulty in learning numbers as numbers and words, counting numbers in sequence, performing mathematical operations with finger calculations, difficulty in reading the clock, solving multi-digit problems, mixing left and right, writing in a straight line, difficulty in mathematical algorithms It manifests itself with symptoms such as.
Written expression disorder (Dysgraphia) writing skill is highly correlated with verbal expressiveness. The person's measured intelligence level and writing skills that are incompatible with the education he received according to his age, irregular or illegible handwriting, skipping letters, words and syllables in his writing, reverse writing, letter mixing, compound writing, syllable separation, word addition, word misspelling and spelling errors is characterized by Language development should be monitored in children with learning disabilities and therapeutic interventions should be made for meta-language skills such as reading, writing and mathematics.
For at least six months, reading words incorrectly or slowly, having difficulty in reading comprehension, difficulty in speaking or writing letter by letter, difficulty in written expression, difficulty in number perception and calculation and special learning difficulties may be suspected if there is difficulty in reasoning. Children with special learning difficulties may also experience the following symptoms:
- Irregularity and work/events prioritizing issues
- Difficulty in time management
- Problems focusing on a specific task
- Difficulty performing multitasking
- Difficulty in planning and organizational skills
- Having difficulty in listening to lectures
- Short study time
- Inability to sit at a desk for a certain period of time
- Difficulty understanding indirect speech and jokes
- Difficulty understanding figurative expressions
- Low academic achievement
- Low awareness of one's own skills and abilities