Language Speech Delayed
Delayed language and speech can be mentioned if the child's language and speech is much slower than expected for his age or if his language development is much slower than his peers. delayed language and speech, It can be seen together with additional diagnoses such as hearing problem or other sensory problems, neurological disorder, general developmental delay, mental retardation, social, emotional or motor problems, or it can occur alone without these conditions. A normal language development includes these steps:
When the child is 3 months old;
- Must be able to hum and make various vowel sounds,
- Should be able to fix their eyes on an object, follow the object as it moves,
- She should smile,
- When her needs are met, she should stop crying and be able to be soothed
When the child is 6 months old;
- Should be able to make various facial expressions,
- Must be able to use a variety of sounds,
- Be able to predict certain behaviors; that you are about to feed him,
- She should be able to extend her arms when you want to hold her,
- People should be interested in what they are doing.
When the child is 9 months old;
- Should be interested in where the mother directs her attention,
- Should have meaningful gestures such as good-bye and applause; It should be able to get what it prefers between the two objects you extend,
- She should be able to control her mother's facial expression when she is unsure,
- Be able to understand that objects exist even if they are not visible,
- She should be able to distinguish the meanings of some words, even if she cannot say it yet.
- Share and learn to take turns.
- If she wants you to continue an action, she should be able to tell you with gestures, facial expressions and sounds.
When the child is 1 year old;
- Recognizes family members.
- Reactions to people she knows and people she doesn't know are different.
- Makes eye contact many times during the day; For example, when you want to annoy you, but do not do the behavior you want him to do.
- They should understand the meaning of gestures like 'Give, Come, No',
- Should be able to show her wishes by pointing,
- Should be able to follow the object you are pointing and direct attention,
- They may want to share their interest with you, they must be able to show what they are interested in,
- Should be able to express certain emotions such as happiness, fear, sadness,
- They are interested in those around them,
- They should know their names,
- They should pay attention to the people speaking,
- They should be able to interpret someone else's tones; happy, angry,
- They should start saying words; It doesn't have to be intelligible.
- They begin to play symbolic games (pretending, for example, driving a box like a toy car).
When she is 18 months old;
- Can check if you're looking at what she's pointing at,
- Must be interested in what is being spoken,
- Should be interested in other children and be willing to participate in their play,
- Must be able to receive commands,
- Should be able to understand some words and expressions; parts of the body, clothes, persons, simple adjectives, feelings,
- Must have words that others can understand (at least 50 words).
When she is 2 years old;
- They should actively communicate with adults, say something to them, look at their faces,
- Can make sentences of at least 2 words and use longer structures,
- They should be able to talk about themselves with words like me, myself,
- Even if they have a short attention span, they should be able to continue playing a game for a few minutes,
- They begin to understand the logic of order and order,
- 'Where? They understand and use structures that indicate place and location, such as 'In, On'.
When she is 3 years old;
- They should be able to use question sentences, imperative sentences, negative sentences,
- They should be able to make prolonged eye contact,
- They should be able to say many different things by forming sentences of 3,4,5 words,
- They should be able to make simple comments on the events around them,
- They should know for what purpose the objects are used,
- They should know who the words boys and girls are used for.
If your baby;
- If she does not smile between 0-3 months,
- If she doesn't make sounds like ba-ba, ga-ga between 4-7 months,
- Uses only certain gestures such as pointing and makes very limited noise between 7-12 months
- Can't understand what others are saying between the ages of 7 months and 2 years,
- Uses only a few words between 12-18 months
- If the words produced between the ages of 18- 2 years are not understood at all,
- Unable to string words and form sentences between the ages of 1.5-3,
- If she cannot communicate and play with her peers between the ages of 2-3,
May be at risk for developmental language disorders. It should be evaluated by a speech and language therapist.