Aphasia; It is a language and speech disorder that occurs when the areas in the brain responsible for language are damaged due to stroke, head trauma, and tumor. Some or all of speech, comprehension, naming, repetition, reading and writing skills are affected as a result of damage to speech centers in the brain. Aphasia, It can also affect skills such as math, reasoning, and music perception. There are various types of aphasia according to the damaged areas in the central nervous system and clinical findings, and symptoms may differ according to these types.
Dementia; It is a progressive condition characterized by memory impairment, progressive decline in activities of daily living, various psychiatric symptoms and behavioral disorders. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia.
Dementia is common over the age of 65, although it can be seen at earlier ages. Dementia patients are generally divided into three stages as early, moderate and advanced. In the later stages of dementia, feeding, swallowing and speech problems are accompanied. After diagnosing dementia, speech and language therapists it is necessary to maximize cognitive communicative skills at all stages and to regulate feeding and swallowing functions in advanced stages.
Traumatic Brain Injuries
Sudden and violent head hitting an object (concrete, These are brain injuries that occur as a result of damage to the brain tissue (lead, nail, etc.) by penetrating the skull. Speech and language therapists intervene in communication, language, speech, voice, resonance and swallowing problems that occur in these patients.